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Museum "The Smolensk Region in the years of Great Patriotic War, 1941-1945" RSBIC "The Smolensk State Museum-Preserve"


Phone: (4812) 38-31-19

Address: 214000, Smolensk region, Smolensk City, Dzerzhinski y Road, 4A

Location: from the Railway Station to the "Spartacus"Stadium by tram № 4, № 7; from the Bus Station along Dzerzhinski y Road by busor by fixed-route taxi № 17, № 37, № 38, № 40

Working hours:* on Tuesdays - Thursdays, Saturdays, Sundays - from 10.00 to 18.00; on Friday - from 10.00 to 17.00

Internet:
    www.russianmuseums.info/M2316 - official web page
    The Smolensk State Museum-Preserve - W1508, official web site www.smolensk-museum.ru/

    E-Mail:


billboard, events and excursions



Description:
    The museum exposition was basically composed of the materials taken the real city's life of the war time. Those things were got with great difficulties long before the liberation of the Smolensk Region. They were presented at the exhibition entitled "the Grate Patriotic Warin the Smolensk Region" andoccupied the building of the museum "Russian Antique". They were kept there till 1961, when a new building was transferred to the possession of the Regional Museum of the Local Lore (occupied by the History Museum now a days) at the center of the city.

    A new museum named "the Smolensk Region in the years of the Great Patriotic War, 1941 - 1945" was opened in 1973 in connection with the 30th anniversary of the liberation of the Smolensk Region from the Nazi invaders. From that time up to the present day it is situated in a monument of architecture built in honor of the Patriotic War of 1812.

    Authentic exhibits of the museum tell about the Smolensk Battle of 1941, about the birth of the Soviet Guard in the suburbs of Yelnya, about the underground activity and guerilla warfare at the rear of the enemy, about the liberation of the Smolensk Region.

    The authentic photos and documents of the first months of the war time, of the terrible period of the Nazi occupation of Smolensk Region, of the underground activityguerilla movement, of the liberation of the Soviet Region, of the participation of Smolenskpeople in the liberation of the Eastern Europe are collected and presented at the museum. Visitors could be interested in the unique samples of small arms of the Red Army and of Hitler's Germany; in orders, medals, personal things of the participants of the battles for Smolensk, Yelnya, Vyazma; in personal things of the Marshal of the Soviet Union S. K. Timoshenko, generals M. F. Lukin and I. N. Russiyanov; in the uniform and rewards of the pilots of the legendary Normandy Neman Regiment; in the battle banners of the military units and formations awardedthe honorary title of "the Smolensk"; in the trophies of the depressed Nazi Germany.

    Everybody can see the diorama "The Birth of the Soviet Guard" and hear the sound track at the museum exposition. There's also a real guerilla dug-out, well-known soldiers lockets, weapons taken from the battle places, impressed in the diorama "The Battle at the Solovyova River Crossing".

    The museum exhibition of military equipment disposed out-of-doors has become a favorite place of interest of the Smolensk people, both adults and children. It presents such samples of artillery, armed weapons and equipment of the Great Patriotic War time and the past war local conflicts as the legendary "Katyusha" rocket launcher, the illustrious Medium Tank T-34, the Heavy Tank IS-2, the "toiler of war" truck ZiS-5, the "Shilka" self-propelled anti-aircraft gun, the fighter aircraft MiG-23 M.

    In connection with the 1150th anniversary of the foundation of Smolensk a complete museum re-exposition is to be carried out



Museum's building(s):
    The museum is disposed in a monument of architecture (former city junior school) built to the centenary of the Patriotic War of 1812, just in the place of a wall-tower exploded by the French invaders in 1812. In front of its main fa?ade there is a monument to the Heroes of 1812. The staircase to the monument along the main axis of the building gives emphasize to the subject and compositional connection between the two monuments.

    The two-stored building is erected in a way of the Russian Revival Architecture with its bulky and fairy tale shapes and elements of decor. Massive volumes shaped like wall-towers with wall-teeth and overhanging loop-holes come forward at the main fa?ade and at both wings of the building. The middle part of the main fa?ade is deliberately asymmetric, in accordance to the principles of the modernistic style consonant with the picturesqueness of the Ancient Russia palace. The entrance volume crowned with a cornice shaped like opened scissors with shoulder-blades is moved much to the left. The wall above it iscrowned with imitation of loop-holes, and much higher on the right from this raise another cornice shaped like widely opened scissors.Below there's a strictly symmetrical and the most imposing part of the facade with three arched windows separated from the lower part of the wall within a belt. Large rooms coming to the depth of the building one by one predominate in its interiors. The stores are linked with a staircase



Museum's services:
   museum shop, lecture hall, Internet access, theatre

Museum has :
   theartre

Next to the museum there are:
    hotels and restaurants


for museum professionals

Administrative phone:
    (4812) 38-31-19

Administrative address:
    214000, Smolensk City, Communisticheskaya Road, 4

Foundation and opening day:
    founded: 1972г.
    opened: 1973г.

Organisation status:
   State Russia

Organization form:
   non-for-profit

Organisation type:
    culture for society, scientific

Classification:
    Historical

Squares:
    permament show rooms 542,5м2
    museum's parks 0,4га

Employee number:
    17 (curators: 5)

Average visitors per year:
    55315


Publications:
    In the direction of Smolensk. The year of 1943. A popular scientific collection devoted to the liberation of the Smolensk Region. - Smolensk, 2010.
    CD disks:
    "The Smolensk defensive battle. The year of 1941.Events. Facts. People". 2011.


Web sites and CD-disks:
    above






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