Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is a prominent monument of Russian defensive architecture. It is a sort of fantastic structure dominating the ancient hill. Constructed in the beginning of the 16th century it was the most defensive obstacle in the fight with hostile Kazan Khanate. For its long history, the Kremlin came through a lot of dramatic events and troubles, but according to the complex and advanced military defensive technology, especially perfect organization of fire points, the Kremlin was never seized.
The Kremlin started its life from a wooden fortress on the Volga defending the eastern borders of the Rostov-Suzdal principality. Dmitry Konstantinovich was the first to change the earthen-wooden fortress for a stone one during his reign in second of 14th century. The central tower of the Kremlin still bears his name - Dmitrievskaya. It was the main centre of resistance in the upper part of the Kremlin. The emergence of the present architectural ensemble of the Kremlin is referred to the beginning of the 16th century. High stone walls were connecting 14 towers, including a bastion tower in front of the Dmitrievskaya tower. Each of the towers had their specific functions. The five rectangular passage towers provided up to three ranges of fire and the eight round towers, built on the corners of the Kremlin walls, had no gates and provided 4-range fire. The perfect system of its defense turned the fortress into an inaccessible obstacle in the way of many enemies.
The Nizhegorodian Kremlin is a unique monument of architecture and an important military fortification of its time, built in the years 1500-1511.The Museum offers visiting historical expositions in Dmitrievskaya and Ivanovskaya towers, walks on the Kremlin wall.
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