The Metrological Museum of Gosstandart of Russia is located in the oldest metrological establishment of Russia, D.I.Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology, in the center of St.Petersburg (19, Moskovsky prospect). It possesses unique monuments of the history of metrology: Russian and foreign reference measures, balances, measuring instruments, rare archive documents and photos, books of the 18-20-th centuries.
A significant part of the museum exhibits is connected with the activities of Dmitry I.Mendeleyev, the Great Russian scientist, founder and first director of the Main Chamber of Weights and Measures (1893-1907).
The first collections of the museum were formed in 1830 ies when the system of measures was being developed on a scientific basis in Russia.
The museum includes the D.I.Mendeleyev's Memorial Study and an exhibition in D.I.Mendeleyev's last flat having the divisions: "Russian System of Measures", "D.I.Mendeleyev as the founder of Russian Metrology"; the interiors of the scientist's chemical laboratory have been recreated too. The activities of the outstanding metrologists: A.Ya.Kupfer, V.S.Glukhov, F.I.Blumbach, D.P.Konovalov.