The fate the Tyutchevs family estate in Ovstug is one of the typical examples of "landed gentry" history. The great Russian poet Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev was born on December 5, 1803 on an estate in the village of Ovstug. He was educated at home until he was 17 and was nurtured in an atmosphere of piety and patriotism. It was here in Ovstug that his literary talent was keenly shaped by nature itself which later developed to be one of the distinguishing features of Tyutchev's poetry. Under the tutelage of a 22 years old Semyon Raich, a Russian literature teacher stemming from Sevsk, Tyutchev gained a strong knowledge of the classics both European and Russian, and was encouraged to write verse. At the age of 13, Fyodor Tyutchev began to audit lectures at the philology department of the University of Moscow. At the of 15, he entered the same University, where he studied for two years and received an advanced degree.
His diplomatic career began in 1822, when he got a diplomatic post the Collegium of Foreign Affairs. Being a protege of his relative of the Osterman gentry family, Tyutchev was appointed to the Russian legation in Munich. He spent much of the next 22 years in the West, 20 of them he spent in Munich. Tyutchev was married twice. Both of his wives were from the aristocratic German families. They were Eleonora Peterson, nee countess Bothmer and Ernestina Duernberg, nee baroness Pfeffel. His five out of six children out of the two marriages were raised up and educated in Germany.
Munich was one of the cultural centres of Europe. All those years Tyutchev cherished his favourite spiritual occupation which was writing poetry in Russian. He did not think himself to be a professional poet; nor did he care about writing the improvised poems down.
Tyutchev's literary career can obviously be called everything but usual. For quite a long time, it did not get its readership. During Tyutchev's lifetime, his poem were published in Pushkin's journal. The Contemporary only twice, with two books of poetry published afterwards. The wide acclaim his poetry received only after the poet's death.
When he returned to Russia, he visited his family estate in the village of Ovstug. It was is Ovstug that he wrote the famous masterpieces of landscape lyric poetry. There are sixteen poems that are believed to have been written in Ovstug.
To commemorate the bicentennial anniversary of Fyodr Tyutchev's birth, a series of restoration proceedings have been carried out in Ovstug. The museum of F.I.Tyutchev, which dates back to 1957, has received the status of a museum preserve. The poet's family estate is frequented by his admirers, who cherish a grateful memory and love of him. A kind of poetical pilgrimage is also a traditional poetry festival, which takes place in Ovstug every year on the second Sunday of June