The museum's permanent exhibition consists of several departments: those of ethnography, history, war and patriotism.
The museum's ethnographic collection includes objects characteristic of the material culture and lifestyle peculiarities of the population in the Kovylkino area. The history department displays an exhibit complex telling about the Arapov noble family's ancient manor where A.S. Pushkin and N.N. Pushkina-Lanskaya's children and grandchildren used to stay for a long time.
One of the museum halls is dedicated to the well-known opera singer Ivan Mikhailovich Skobtsov (1900 to 1983) who spent thirty-six years on the stage of the USSR Bolshoi Theatre, was an outstanding performer of Russian folk songs and glorified his Homeland with his art. The materials exhibited in the war and patriotism hall offer a good opportunity to discuss honor and dignity, bravery and courage, grandeur and self-sacrifice.
From the day when the museum was opened, the temporary exhibition hall has been regularly used to exhibit works painted by local artists